LOUSIANA-GEOGRAPHY

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INTRODUCTION
Louisiana is bordered to the west by the state of Texas; to the north by Arkansas; to the east by the state of Mississippi; and to the south by the Gulf of Mexico.
It´s uplands next to a river. The region includes a low swamps land, coastal marshlands and beaches. The higher lands and contiguous hill lands of the north part of the state. Only two other states, Florida and Delaware, are geographically lower than Louisiana.
CLIMATE
Louisiana had a humid subtropical climate, with long, hot, humid summers and short, mild winters. Precipitation is frequent throughout the year, although the summer is slightly wetter than the rest of the year. Southern Louisiana receives far more copious rainfall, especially during the winter months.
Louisiana is often affected by tropical cyclones and is very vulnerable to strikes by major hurricanes.

HURRICANES
August 29, 2005, Katrina
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September 1, 2008, Gustav
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September 24, 2005, Rita
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Oct. 3, 2002, Lili

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August 1992, Andrew

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STATISTICAL AREAS
Louisiana is divided into 64 parishes
Alexandria
Alexandria is a city in and the parish seat of Rapides Parish, Louisiana, United States. It lies on the south bank of the Red River in almost the exact geographic center of the state
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BATON ROUGE
Is the capital and second-largest city of Louisiana.Baton Rouge is located in the southeast portion of the state along the Mississippi River.


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BOSSIER CITY
Is a city in Bossier Parish, Louisiana, United States. Bossier City is closely tied to its larger sister city Shreveport, located on the western bank of the Red River.

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LAFAYETTE
Lafayette is a city in and the parish seat of Lafayette Parish, Louisiana, United States, on the Vermilion River.It is the fourth largest city in the state.
The city was founded as Vermilionville in 1821 by a French-speaking Acadian named Jean Mouton. In 1884, it was renamed for General Lafayette, a French military hero.
Lafayette is the center of the Cajun culture in Louisiana and the US.

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SHREVEPORT
Shreveport is the third-largest city and the principal city of the third largest metropolitan area in the U.S. state of Louisiana.
Bossier City is separated from Shreveport is the commercial and cultural center of the Ark-La-Tex, the area where Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas meet. Shreveport by the Red River.


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MONROE
Is a city in and the parish seat of Ouachita Parish, Louisiana, United States. It is the principal city of the Monroe Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes the parishes of Ouachita and Union.
The larger Monroe-Bastrop Combined Statistical Area is composed of both the Monroe Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Bastrop Micropolitan Statistical Area.
Washington Plaza in Monroe

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LAKE CHARLES
Is a metropolitan area in the Acadian region of southwest Louisiana that covers two parishes Calcasieu and Cameron.

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NEW ORLEANS
Is a major United States port and the largest city and metropolitan area in the state of Louisiana. New Orleans is also famous for its cuisine, music (particularly as the birthplace of jazz), and its annual celebrations and festivals, most notably Mardi Gras. The city is often referred to as the "most unique" city in America. New Orleans is located in southeastern Louisiana, straddling the Mississippi River. The city and parish are bounded by the parishes of St. Tammany to the north, St. Bernard to the east, Plaquemines to the south and Jefferson to the south and west. Lake Pontchartrain, part of which is included in the city limits, lies to the north and Lake Borgne lies to the east.

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In august in 2005 the hurricane Katrina approached at city. Most of resident had been evacuated. As the hurricane passed through the Gulf Coast region, the city's federal flood protection system failed, resulting in the worst civil engineering disaster in American history. Over 1,500 people died in Louisiana and some are still unaccounted for. Hurricane Katrina called for the first mandatory evacuation in the city's history, the second of which came 3 years later with Hurricane Gustav.